Russia hopes that disagreements between the two countries can be resolved through political and diplomatic measures on a bilateral basis in accordance with the provisions of the 1972 Simla Agreement and the Declaration of Lahor 1999.
According to a VNA correspondent in New Delhi, Russia has called on both India and Pakistan to not aggravate the situation, after New Delhi abolished Article 370 of the Constitution stipulating special regulations for the state of Jammu and Kashmir, and separating the state. This is into 2 federal territories.
“We hope the stakeholders do not exacerbate the situation in the region due to these decisions. Russia consistently supports the normalization of India and Pakistan relations and hopes for disagreements between the two countries. can be resolved through political and diplomatic measures on a bilateral basis in accordance with the provisions of the Simla Agreement 1972 and the Lahore Declaration 1999. ”
After being passed by the National Assembly, Indian President Ram Nath Kovind signed the enactment of the 2019 State Separation Act of Jammu and Kashmir.
Under the law, two federal territories – Ladakh – without legislatures – with Jammu and Kashmir – have legislatures – will officially be established from October 31.
In response, Pakistan announced to downgrade diplomatic relations, suspending bilateral trade with India and bringing this issue to the United Nations.
Islamabad suspended the Lahore-Delhi friendly bus service, as well as all railroads connecting to the neighboring country and banned screening or performing Indian art forms.
However, Pakistani Foreign Minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi said Islamabad did not seek military solutions to Kashmir.
For its part, India has called on Pakistan to reconsider its decision to downgrade diplomatic relations with New Delhi. The Indian Ministry of Foreign Affairs stressed that New Delhi “regretted” Pakistan’s decision, calling on Islamabad to reconsider these normal diplomatic channels between the two countries.
The Indian government stressed that the end of special rule in Kashmir was an internal issue, so that the government could better control the situation here. Kashmir is the territory where most Muslims live. Kashmir is now divided into two parts managed by India and Pakistan, but both countries receive sovereignty over the entire territory.
Despite the agreement reached in 2003 on compliance with the ceasefire, fighting still occurred between soldiers on the dividing line of Kashmir.